Drainage Systems

Drainage SystemWithout question, the most important aspect of your landscape is proper water drainage. As wonderful as water is to our everyday life, it can also be extremely destructive. Poor drainage can lead to erosion of your property or even that of your neighbors. It can also cause structural deficiencies in the landscape, damage the foundation of your home, and cause death of plant materials and lawns.

We can address pre-existing water drainage issues with the use of weeping tiles, channel drains, French drains, catch basins, and/or ditch and slope drains. Where there is excessive drainage or high spots, the area can be re-contoured and soil composition and mixture can be changed to add more water retention.

During the construction of your landscape, we pay particular attention to how water will behave in and around your new landscape so new water drainage issues are not created.

The following are some of the drains that may be added to your landscape:

Channel drains: are long, narrow drains usually situated at patio or deck edges, as well as between main structures (such as a house and a pool). They are typically connected to underground pipe systems. Most of these drains have grate covers to prevent grass and leaf blockage. They are commonly found in swimming pool areas because they can also assist with pool overflow.

Deck drains: Deck drains are more visually attractive than other types and they usually have decorative covers made of stone, metal or brass. They are small and built to drain patio surfaces. They are usually placed at the bottom of sloped surfaces, so excess water naturally filters through them.

Catch Basins: Many homeowners add downspout tie-ins to their roof gutter systems. The tie-ins are typically metal, plastic or brass and take water from the gutters to the drainage system. This type of drainage system is usually connected to catch basins, which are concrete or plastic drains that are tied into larger, underground drainage systems. The advantage of this system is that excess water doesn’t build up around the home’s foundation.

French Drains: French drains are added to landscapes to prevent saturated surfaces and soil. They are usually perforated drainpipes covered with grass or rocks. French drains usually blend into the other landscaping features and are used with large yard planters and raised flowerbeds. One advantage of this type is that the drainage pipe is protected from grass and tree roots, as well as the soil.

Ditch and Slope drains: Some homeowners dig small ditches or slopes at their yards’ edges. These drainage structures may be landscaped or paved and naturally move excess water away from houses. The ideal minimum slope for paved slopes is one percent, while the ideal minimum slope for landscaped slopes is two percent.

Each property has its own water flow characteristics. The investment in an adequate drainage system is a smart insurance policy for the longevity of your home and landscape. Our business covers a wide variety of landscaping services in Hamilton, Burlington ON.